- Dementiasearch for term
Chronic intellectual impairment (i.e., loss of mental capacity) with organic origins that affects a person's ability to function in a social or occupational setting.
- Diagnosissearch for term
- Diarrhoeasearch for term
Uncontrolled, loose, and frequent bowel movements caused by diet, infection, medication, and irritation or inflammation of the intestine. Severe or prolonged diarrhoea can lead to weight loss and malnutrition. The excessive loss of fluid that may occur with AIDS-related diarrhoea can be life threatening.
There are many possible causes of diarrhoea in persons who have AIDS. The most common infectious organisms causing AIDS-related diarrhoea include cytomegalovirus (CMV), the parasites Cryptosporidium, Microsporidia, and Giardia lamblia, and the bacteria Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellular. Other bacteria and parasites that cause diarrheal symptoms in otherwise healthy people may cause more severe, prolonged, or recurrent diarrhoea in persons with HIV or AIDS.
- Directly observed therapy (DOT)search for term
A method used for treating tuberculosis patients.
- Doyle modelsearch for term
- Drug resistancesearch for term
The ability of some disease-causing micro-organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and mycoplasma, to adapt them, to grow, and to multiply even in the presence of drugs that usually kill them.